The Fitzpatrick Scale is a classification system that divides all human skin types into six categories based on skin color, eye color, hair color, and skin response to sun exposure. In general, Asians fall into Type 3 and Type 4 skin types, which have important implications for skin cancer risk and the efficacy of various skin treatments.
Contrary to popular belief, skin type is a congenital trait that does not change over time, even if your skin tans or becomes darker due to sun exposure. To determine your skin type, you can use the Fitzpatrick Scale scoring method, which ranges from 0 to 36.
Asian skin typically scores between 17 and 30. Although this information may seem irrelevant when it comes to buying skincare products, it has been used for over 30 years to help identify which individuals are more susceptible to developing melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. Individuals with darker skin types have a lower risk of developing melanoma than those with lighter skin types.
While Asians are less likely to develop melanoma, they still need to undergo testing when suspicious moles or lesions appear. The Fitzpatrick Scale can also help guide the use of laser treatments, as those with darker skin types are more likely to develop pigmentary changes following such procedures.
Understanding your skin type is essential for proper skincare and the prevention of skin cancer. By utilizing the Fitzpatrick Scale, doctors and skincare professionals can provide better guidance and treatments tailored to your unique skin type.