Home » Skin Blog » Skin Knowledge and Problems » Understanding Moles- Causes, Risks, and Removal Options

Understanding Moles- Causes, Risks, and Removal Options


Moles, also known as melanocytic nevi in medical terms, are pigmented growths composed of melanocytes that can occur on any part of the skin. Almost everyone has moles, and they can vary in shape, size, and color.

Moles can be congenital or acquired. Their formation is influenced by genetic factors and UV exposure. While most moles are benign, they can sometimes transform into melanoma, a type of skin cancer. If a mole changes in size, shape, color, or becomes itchy, it is important to see a doctor to check for cancerous changes.

If you have a benign mole that you want to remove, there are several methods:

  1. Surgical excision involves removing the entire mole and related tissue, followed by stitching the wound. This is suitable for larger moles or those that have recurred after other methods. While the benefit is that the recurrence rate is lower, the drawback is that it can leave a scar.
  2. Laser treatment, such as CO2 laser therapy, can precisely remove the mole tissue by vaporizing or burning it. This method is suitable for smaller moles or those who prefer a non-surgical option. The benefit is that it is highly accurate, resulting in smaller and less noticeable scars. The drawback is that multiple treatments may be required, and some people may experience temporary pigmentation changes.
  3. Other methods such as electrocautery and corrosive agents are popular in beauty salons due to their lower cost and ease of use. However, they can result in larger wounds that are difficult to heal and may leave scars and pigmentation changes.

It is important to consult with a doctor to determine the best method for removing a mole rather than going to a beauty salon.