Many people experience the same problem every winter – dry skin. But what causes dry skin and how do we choose the right moisturizer?
One of the factors that often goes overlooked is the pH level of our skincare products. Effective cleansers that remove oil and dirt tend to be alkaline. However, our skin has a pH of 5.5, which is slightly acidic. This helps our skin resist bacteria and retain moisture. Using overly alkaline cleansers can strip away the skin’s natural oils and make it more prone to dryness. It’s best to use products with a pH lower than 8.
Additionally, during cold weather, many people enjoy soaking in hot baths or extending their shower time. However, prolonged exposure to hot water can wash away the skin’s protective outer layer of oils, leading to even drier skin.
If you take medication, especially for acne, you should be aware that certain types of medication can make your skin even drier. For example, benzoyl peroxide and vitamin A derivatives can dry out the skin’s oil secretion, causing dryness. Many anti-wrinkle and anti-aging skincare products contain vitamin A derivatives, so be sure to check the ingredients.
To choose the right moisturizer, consider the level of hydration your skin needs. For severely dry skin, use a richer product like an ointment or cream. For less dry skin, a lightweight lotion will do. Avoid products with excessive fragrance as it can cause skin sensitivity. Price does not always indicate effectiveness, so choose a product that suits your needs.
Remember to apply moisturizer to clean, damp skin, as it will help lock in the moisture. By understanding the causes of dry skin and choosing the right moisturizer, you can maintain healthy, glowing skin all winter long.