Wrinkles are a sign of aging, and most people would agree. Wrinkles are a common enemy of women, but how can we deal with this skin problem? Let’s first understand the causes of different types of wrinkles.
There are three types of wrinkles: static wrinkles, which include superficial wrinkles (fine lines) and deep wrinkles, and dynamic wrinkles (expression lines). The wrinkles that are formed by facial expressions are called dynamic wrinkles, while those that are visible even without facial expressions are called static wrinkles. They have different causes, and we will analyze them one by one.
Let’s first talk about superficial wrinkles. Superficial wrinkles first appear on the eyes or forehead. We know that collagen is one of the reasons why the skin is plump, and when collagen is destroyed due to aging or environmental factors such as UV rays, the skin lacks support, and fine lines will form. The usual way to improve this is to supplement collagen or stimulate the production of collagen in the dermis. Laser treatments such as 1064 nm, 1440 nm, 1550 nm, 1927 nm wavelengths can effectively stimulate collagen production. Chemical peels using fruit acids can also help reduce fine lines. Radiofrequency treatment can also improve fine lines by heating the skin and promoting collagen production by fibroblasts.
Deep wrinkles, such as tiger stripes, marionette lines, and forehead lines (train tracks), are deeper and have different causes than superficial wrinkles. Deep wrinkles are usually caused by the loss of substances that support the skin, such as collagen or fat, or due to skin relaxation or muscle contractions caused by frequent facial expressions. For example, when the cheeks begin to sag, tiger stripes will deepen. Or if the forehead is often furrowed, deep forehead lines will form over time. Deep wrinkles give people a feeling of being troubled or looking old. To treat these wrinkles, we need to identify the cause and take appropriate measures. If the cause is skin relaxation, tightening treatments such as radiofrequency or facelifts can be used. If it is due to sinking or hollowness, fillers such as hyaluronic acid can be injected. If it is due to frequent facial expressions, in addition to wrinkle reduction treatments, botulinum toxin injections can also be used to reduce wrinkles.
Superficial wrinkles are usually easier to treat than deep wrinkles, and there are many methods available now. It’s best to consult a doctor to determine the best treatment plan. Next, we will discuss how to prevent and treat dynamic wrinkles and wrinkles.