What is Botox made from?
Botox is the trade name for a refined form of botulinum toxin, sourced from the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. When introduced in specific amounts and methodologies, it can serve a range of cosmetic and therapeutic purposes.
It is mainly used for diminishing the visibility of wrinkles and fine lines. In a medical capacity, Botox addresses conditions like muscle spasms, cerebral palsy, anal fissure, and strabismus (a condition where the eyes don’t align correctly).
How does Botox work?
Botox functions by impeding the neurotransmitter acetylcholine from being dispatched by the axon of nerve cells. This neurotransmitter is the torchbearer of muscle contraction. By blocking its release, Botox prevents spasmodic muscle actions, leading to the cosmetic effect of wrinkle smoothing.
Areas of Injection, Dosage, and Where Can I Get Botox?
Botox injections are versatile. Common areas for cosmetic applications include the forehead, between the eyebrows (glabellar lines), and around the eyes (crow’s feet), masseter(jawline) and neck (turkey neck). Some other area that can benefit from Botox includes calves, shoulder and underarm area. The usual dosage varies based on the treatment area and the individual’s needs.
Downtime and Post-Injection Expectations
One of Botox’s draws is the minimal downtime. Most people can return to their regular activities immediately, although strenuous physical activity should be avoided for 24 hours. After the injection, some might notice mild redness, swelling, or bruising, which typically subsides within a few days.
Within 3-5 days post-injection, the effects of Botox start to manifest, reaching full effect by two weeks. These effects generally last 3-6 months, after which the muscle action gradually returns, and the lines and wrinkles begin to reappear.
Neurological Side Effects and Safety
Botox’s side effects can manifest neurologically. Symptoms like headaches, numbness, or a pins-and-needles sensation are possible. In extremely rare cases, botulinum toxin can disperse from the injection spot, prompting botulism symptoms.
However, when administered correctly, Botox is generally safe. Always engage in discussions with your doctor about potential risks.
What are the potential side effects from Botox injection?
After treatment you may have:
- a headache and flu-like symptoms for the first 24 hours
- bruising, swelling and redness where the needles went in the skin
- a frozen look – you might not be able to move the muscles in your face if too much botulinum toxin is injected
- temporary weakness and droopiness in your face – for example, your eyelids or eyebrows may droop if the botulinum toxin moves into these areas
Who is not suitable for Botox injection?
Some people should not get botulinum toxin. They include those who:
- have a neuromuscular disease (such as multiple sclerosis or myasthenia gravis)
- are pregnant or nursing
- have weakness in certain facial muscles
- have ptosis (drooping eyelids), deep facial scars, or uneven facial features (when features are not the same on both sides of the face)
- have skin problems near the injection area
Apart from cosmetic indications, there are some medical indications for Botox as well:
Muscle Spasms: Offering relief from involuntary muscle actions.
Cerebral Palsy: Assisting in spasticity management.
Anal Fissure: Relaxing the anal sphincter muscles, promoting healing.
Strabismus: Aiding in eye alignment for those with cross-eyed or wall-eyed conditions.
If you are thinking to get Botox done, please consult with your doctor first and determine if you are suitable for the procedure.